This post comes to you by way of our friends at Redfin. Enjoy –
Waiting for the tech boom to burst? Aiming for that perfect gap to sell and then buy? Real estate cycles takes years, and it’s not for everyone, especially when you don’t have the time or the patience. But if you’re remotely considering flipping houses or simply curious about the numbers, continue reading this Redfin analysis which dug into the flipping market.
By all accounts 2013 was a record year for house flipping in San Francisco, with a monstrous average gain of $194,000 as compared to $90,200 across 25+ major markets.
It’s worth noting that gains are not profits. Home flippers, whether they’re banks, companies or individuals, generally make improvements to a home before selling it. Those improvements can range from simple cosmetic changes to completely gutting an entire home, which makes it difficult to pinpoint actual costs for each of the homes in this analysis. But according to Remodeling Magazine, replacing a door would cost somewhere between $1,000 and $3,000, while a major kitchen remodel could cost $55,000 or more.
Who’s Doing All the Flipping?
Many home flippers before the housing bust were individuals hoping to capitalize on huge price gains leading up to 2006. But after the bubble popped, banks had many foreclosed homes come on the books. By 2008, the majority of flippers were banks, who have since reduced their inventory of distressed housing. In 2013, bank real estate owned (REO) properties fell to their lowest levels since the foreclosure crisis, according to data provider CoreLogic. In 2013, only 35.2 percent of house flips in these markets were bank-owned, compared with 72.2 percent in 2008. This year, bank REOs are up 15 percent, signaling that they may be more active participants in the flipping market in the second half of 2014.
Gains from House Flipping Vary by Market
In 11 of the markets analyzed, the average gain from a flipped home was well over $100,000. San Francisco (average gain of $194,600), Long Island ($152,500) and San Jose ($152,000) were the three markets where home flippers saw the highest gains. On the other end of the spectrum, home flippers in Atlanta and Las Vegas saw average gains of $50,200 and $53,000, respectively.
Fewer Homes Being Flipped Than During The Boom
While big gains in home prices have created big opportunities for flippers, the number of homes being flipped is nowhere near the volume of 2005, which was the peak flipping year at 101,800 homes. The largest volume of house flips since the bust occurred in 2012, at 75,500 across Redfin markets.
“In 2005, homebuyers could easily access zero-down financing, which led to heightened activity from amateur investors who bought several homes without any upfront costs, and who planned to resell them at a profit,” said Nela Richardson, Redfin chief economist. “When the market crashed, those buyers were left in a lurch. Today, with low inventory, high demand and stricter mortgage standards, flippers are largely developers, corporate investors and all-cash buyers who are experienced and can act quickly to snatch up properties with flip potential. Unfortunately, high demand and low inventory have also limited the ability of average homebuyers to use sweat equity to renovate a property over several years and make a longer-term financial investment in a home.”
Even though fewer homes were flipped last year than in the three previous years, the success rate has been higher. In 2013, 77 percent of homes that were purchased and sold again within 12 months were sold for a gain, while in 2008 roughly the same percentage were sold at a loss. In 2008, only 24 percent of flipped homes were sold for a gain.
Some markets are seeing flipping activity increase this year when compared with year-to-date flipping activity last year, including Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach and Philadelphia. Los Angeles, Phoenix, Riverside, Calif., Washington, D.C., and Atlanta have seen the most house flipping when 2013 and 2014 are combined.
The Hottest Spots for Home Flipping
We looked at neighborhoods in each market to see where house flippers walked away with the biggest gains in 2013. Two neighborhoods in Washington, D.C.— Petworth and Brookland — were among the top three, with average gains of $312,400 and $271,900, respectively. The Beaumont neighborhood of Portland, Oregon, ranked second, with an average gain of $285,600.
[Editor’s Note: I’d venture to say the real “flippers” in SF are making more than this per flip. Developers I work with won’t even touch a property if they can’t make at least $500,000 +. Good data to chew on nonetheless.]